Resources - Evidence
The Fountain of Health™ and Thrive Learning Centre offer evidence-based approaches to promote brain health and resilience. Below are our peer-reviewed publications on The Fountain of Health™ approach. The evidence behind the five areas of the Fountain of Health™ are also included: Physical Activity, Social Activity, Brain Activity, Mental Health, and Positive Thinking.

Our Fountain of Health™ researchers’ mission is to develop evidence-based approaches for effective health behaviour change to promote brain health and wellness. For a list of our publications on the Fountain of Health approach, and other evidence behind the initiative, please see below. Meet our researchers. 

 

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Fountain of Health Publications

The Fountain of Health: Bringing Seniors' Mental Health Promotion into Clinical Practice, Vanessa Thoo, Janya Freer, Keri-Leigh Cassidy, in Canadian Geriatrics Journal, Vol 19, Issue 4, December 2015 p 217-224. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5770/cgj.18.197


(link is external)Book Review: Geriatric Depression: A Clinical Guide, Keri-Leigh Cassidy, in Canadian Journal of Aging, Vol 35, Issue 3 May 2016. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0714980816000349


Age-Friendly Communities Initiative: Public Health Approach to Promoting Successful Aging, Dilip V. Jeste, Keri-Leigh Cassidy et al., American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry Vol 24 Issue 12 Dec 2016 p 1158-1170. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jagp.2016.07.021


Toward psychosocial health in age-friendly communities: The Fountain of Health Peer-Led Education Series, Amy Gough, Keri-Leigh Cassidy, in Mental Health and Prevention, 2017; 8: 2017, pp 14-19. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mhp.2017.08.002


Book Chapter: Positive Psychiatry, Keri-Leigh Cassidy, Beverley Cassidy, Book chapter in Advances in Psychiatry, Edited by Dr. K. Fountoulakis and A. Javed, Springer Nature, 2018


The Fountain of Health: Effective Health Promotion Knowledge Transfer in Individual Primary Care and Group Community-based Formats, Amy Gough, Beverley Cassidy, Kiran Rabheru, David Conn, Keri-Leigh Cassidy, in International Psychogeriatrics, Positive Psychiatry Special Edition, 2018. (DOI: 10.1017/S1041610218000480.


(link is external)Comparing a Clinician-Assisted and App-Supported Behavioral Activation Intervention to Promote Brain Health and Well-Being in Frontline Care, Keri-Leigh Cassidy, Michael Vallis, David Conn, Ariane Massie, Claire Checkland, Daria Parsons, Kiran Rabheru, in International Psychogeriatrics, Vol 33, Issue 6, 2021 p 615-625. DOI: 10.1017/S1041610220001325


Book Chapter: Mental Health, Cognitive Resilience, and Vitality, Kiran Rabheru, Keri-Leigh Cassidy, Beverley Cassidy, David Conn, in Promoting the Health of Older Adults: The Canadian Experience Edited by I. Rootman P. Edward et al. Canadian Scholars, 2021.


(link is external)Promoting health behaviour change in Canada: A quality improvement project integrating prevention and wellness in frontline care,  Kiran Rabheru, David Conn, Daria Parsons, Ariane Massie, Julie Mitchell, Michael Vallis, Claire Checkland, and Keri-Leigh Cassidy, in Open Journal of Psychiatry, July 2021. https://www.scirp.org/pdf/ojpsych_2021051114384681.pdf 

 

 

Thoughts: Positive Thinking

Levy B, et al. Longitudinal benefit of positive self-perceptions of aging on functional health. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 2002;57(5):409-417.
Online: (link is external)http://psychsocgerontology.oxfordjournals.org

Levy B, et al. Longevity increased by positive self-perceptions of aging. J Pers Soc Psychol 2002; 83(2): 261-270.
Online: (link is external)http://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/releases/psp-832261.pdf

Levy B, et al. Positive age beliefs protect against dementia even among elders with high-risk gene. PLOS One 2018;13(2): e0191004
Online: (link is external)http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article

Levy B, et al. Ageism amplifies cost and prevalence of health conditions. The Gerontologist 2018; XX(XX):1-8.
Online: (link is external)https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/gny131

Robertson DA, Kenny RA. Negative perceptions of aging modify the association between frailty and cognitive function in older adults. J Individ Differ 2016;100:120–125.
Online: (link is external)https://doi.org/

Sun J, et al. Positive self-perceptions of aging and lower rate of overnight hospitalization in the US population over age 50. Psychosomatic medicine 2016;79(1):81-90.
Online: (link is external)/pmc/articles/PMC5182096/

Wurm S, et al. How do negative self-perceptions of aging become a self-fulfilling prophecy? Psychol Aging 2013; 28(4): 1088-1097.
Online: (link is external)http://psycnet.apa.org

Bolier L, Haverman M, Westerhof GJ, Riper H, Smit F, Bohlmeijer E. Positive psychology interventions: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled studies. BMC public health. 2013 Dec;13(1):1-20.
Online: https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2458-13-119

Health Habits: Physical Activity and Healthy Eating

Livingston G, et al., Dementia prevention, intervention, and care. Lancet 2017;390(10113):2673-2734
Online: (link is external)www.clinicalkey.com

McNamara D. Physical Fitness Tied to a Nearly 90% Reduction in Dementia Risk. Medscape 2018.
Online: (link is external)www.medscape.com

Nagamatsu LS, et al. Resistance training promotes cognitive and functional brain plasticity in seniors with probable mild cognitive impairment. Arch Intern Med 2012;172(8):666-668.
Online: (link is external)archinte.jamanetwork.com

Angevaren M, et al. Physical activity and enhanced fitness to improve cognitive function in older people without known cognitive impairment. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2008;3:CD005381.
Online: (link is external)onlinelibrary.wiley.com

Wen CP, et al. Minimum amount of physical activity for reduced mortality and extended life expectancy: a prospective cohort study. Lancet 2011;378(9798):1244-1253.
Online: (link is external)www.thelancet.com

Wolff JK et al. What do targeting positive views on aging add to a physical activity intervention in older adults? Results from a randomized control trial. Health Psychology 2014; 29(8): 915-923.
Online: (link is external)www.tandfonline.com

Relationships: Social Activity

Bennett DA,  et al. The effect of social networks on the relation between Alzheimer’s disease pathology and level of cognitive function in old people: a longitudinal cohort study. Lancet Neurol 2006;5(5):406–412.
Online:(link is external) 10.1016/S1474-4422(06)70417-3

Chang PJ, et al. Social relationships, leisure activity, and health in older adults. Health Psychol 2014;33(6):516-523.
Online:(link is external) www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/

Gilmour H. “Social participation and the health and well-being of Canadian seniors.” Stats Can Catalogue 82-003-X 2012.
Online: (link is external)www.statcan.gc.ca

Flatt J, et al. Participation in social activities in later life: does enjoyment have important implications for cognitive health? Aging Health 2013;9(2)149-158.
Online: (link is external)www.futuremedicine.com*

Waldinger R, et al. (2015). Security of attachment to spouses in late life: Concurrent and prospective links with cognitive and emotional well-being. Clin Psychol Sci 2015;3(4):516-529.
Online: (link is external)www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov

 

 

 

Interests: Brain Challenge

Steffener et al. Differences between chronological & brain age are related to education and self-reported physical activity. Neurobiol Aging. 2016; 1(40):138-44. Online: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article

Valenzuela M, et al. Can cognitive exercise prevent the onset of dementia? Systematic review of randomized clinical trials with longitudinal follow-up. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry  2009;17(3):179-87.
Online: http://rng.org.au

Butler M, et al. Does cognitive training prevent cognitive decline?: a systematic review. Ann Intern Med 2018;168(1):63-68.
Online: https://annals.org

Miller KJ, et al. Effect of a computerized brain exercise program on cognitive performance in older adults. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 2013;21(7):655-63.
Online: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov

 

Valued Goals: SMART Goal-Setting

Bailey RR. Goal Setting and Action Planning for Health Behavior Change. Am J Lifestyle Med 2019; 13(6):615-618. 
Online: (link is external)https://doi.org/

Cassidy KL, et al. Comparing a clinician-assisted and app-supported behavioral activation intervention to promote brain health and well-being in frontline care. IPA Jun 2021 33(5):615-25.
Online: (link is external)https://doi.org/10.1017/s1041610220001325

Doran GT. There's a S.M.A.R.T. Way to Write Management's Goals and Objectives. Management Review 1981 70(11):35–36.

Gough A, et al. The Fountain of Health: effective health promotion knowledge transfer in individual primary care and group community-based formats. IPA Feb 2019 31(2):173-80. 
Online: (link is external)https://doi.org/10.1017/s1041610218000480

Ogbeiwi O. General concepts of goals and goal-setting in healthcare: A narrative review. J Manag Organ Mar 2021 27(2):324-341.
Online: (link is external)https://doi.org/10.1017/jmo.2018.11 

Rabheru K. et al. Promoting Health Behavior Change in Canada: A Quality Improvement Project Integrating Prevention and Wellness in Frontline Care. Open J Psych May 2021 11(3):p 125-37. 
Online: (link is external)https://doi.org/10.4236/ojpsych.2021.113011 

Weintraub J et al. Nudging flow through ‘SMART’ goal setting to decrease stress, increase engagement, and increase performance at work.  J Occup Organ Psychol Jun 2021 94(2):230-258.
Online: (link is external)https://doi.org/10.1111/joop.12347

 

Emotions: Taking Care of Mental Health

Jeste DV, et al. Older age is associated with more successful aging: role of resilience and depression. Am J Psychiatry 2013; 170(2): 188-196.
Online:(link is external)www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov

Prince M, et al. Dementia & risk reduction: An analysis of protective & modifiable factors. London: Alzheimer’s Disease International (ADI); 2014 p.1-204
Online: (link is external)www.alz.co.uk/research/WorldAlzheimer.pdf

Grossman P, et al. Mindfulness-based stress reduction and health benefits: A meta analysis. J Psychosom Res 2004;57(1):35-43.
Online: (link is external)www.sciencedirect.com

Jeste DV, Palmer BW. A call for a new positive psychiatry of aging. Br J Psychiatry 2013; 20(2); 81-83.
Online: (link is external)http://bjp.rcpsych.org